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NCUC Group Releases Nominations

Milton Mueller

The Noncommercial Users Constituency (NCUC) is the constituency group representing civil society organizations in the formation of domain name policy. In August 2004 it initiated a process to nominate people to serve on the UN Secretary-General's Working Group on Internet Governance, as representatives of civil society. Our purpose was to assist the Secretary-General to identify qualified and widely-supported individuals capable of serving on the WGIG on behalf of civil society.

The NCUC list provides two recommended names from each of the five world regions, plus one global nominee. For each region, one of the nominees is noted for technical expertise, the other is noted for expertise in policy, regulatory and legal matters. All are deeply familiar with Internet governance issues. The NCUC provided its list to the WSIS-Civil Society Plenary, which is undertaking its own nomination process. Several of our nominees are expected to be put forward by that process as well.

The list of recommended nominees follows:

Global
Karen Banks, (UK) Association for Progressive Communications

Africa
Technical: Adiel Akplogan, (Togo) Executive Director, AfriNIC
Policy: Olivier Nana Nzepa, Professor, Institut Superieur Management Public Yaounde (Cameroon)

Asia-Pacific
Technical: Norbert Klein, Open Forum (Cambodia)
Policy: Eung Hwi Chun, Peacenet (So. Korea)

Europe
Technical: Vittorio Bertola, Chair, ICANN At Large Advisory Committee (Italy)
Policy: Marco Cappato, EP, Radical Party, (Italy)

Latin America
Technical: Raul Echeberria, Director, LACNIC, (Uruguay)
Policy: Carlos Afonso, RITS (Brazil)

North America
Technical: Karl Auerbach, former elected ICANN Board member (USA)
Policy: Susan Crawford, Law Professor, Cardozo, Center for Democracy and Technology fellow (USA)

Biographies and Contact Information (Alphabetical)

Carlos Alberto
AFONSO
[redacted]

Carlos Afonso is a founder of the Association for Progressive Communications and Technology Director of Brazil's Information Network for the Third Sector (RITS) in Rio de Janeiro. RITS is a national project to implement a NGO-oriented services and capacity-building network on information and communication technologies using the Internet as its main medium. He is an elected Council member of the Brazilian Internet Steering Committee (CGIbr), representing civil society organizations. In 2003 he attended Phase 1 WSIS as member of the Brazilian delegation and was nominated by the civil society plenary to speak. He has been a consultant to UNDP and IDRC on numerous occasions. He was a consultant to the data processing and communication branch of the Ministry of Health of Brazil), and also involved in the planning of a large network project to connect more than 50,000 health units to the Internet. Afonso obtained a Master's in Economics from York University in Canada in 1976, enga ged in doctoral studies in Social and Political Thought at York University and studied Naval Engineering at University of São Paulo, Brazil in the 1960s.

Adiel Akplogan
[redacted]

Akplogan received his primary and secondary schooling in Togo. He returned to his home country of Benin in 1990 to study Digital Electronics Engineering at the College Polytechnique Universitaire (in 1996) and Network Architecture and Internet Technology at McGilll University in Canada. Since then, he worked as Research Engineer and Director of New Technologies with Data-processing COFFEE & Télécommunications (www.cafe.tg - 1994 to 2001), as Internet governance expert for INTIF (intif.francophonie.org), and in Data processing in Symbol Technologies France (www.symbol.com). He holds a number of professional certifications, including Inspector IBM Risc6000 (1995), Administration SCO UNIX (1995) Administration NT (1996), Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE 1999 - Raleight NC the USA), Cisco Security and IPsec (2000 Wraps Town - ZA), Radio Wave dated transmission Engineering (Pcom 1999 - Campbell CA - the USA). Among his most proud achievements is the creation and management of the first supplier of Internet access and independent service in Togo (1996 - 2001 - www.cafenet.tg), the organization and management of the TLD "TG" (www.nic.tg), the management of IP infrastructure (LAN & WAN) of the node as well as the management of Local Internet Register TG-CAFENET-20011116.

Since 1997, Akplogan has taken an active part in several development projects involving new technologies in Africa, primarily as expert and trainer in networking infrastructure and Internet (AUF, INTIF, AFNOG). He participated actively in the work of various Internet governance bodies such as ICANN, as member of the ccTLD Constituency, and African observer within the ASO. He has been a member of the Internet Society since 1996, and is the 1st Vice-president and founder of the Togolais chapter. He participates in AFRIDNS (www.afridns.org), AFRICANN (www.africann.org) and member of the Steering Committee of AFNOG (www.afnog.org).

Karl Auerbach
InterWorking Labs
[redacted]

Mr. Auerbach is Chief Technology Officer at InterWorkingLabs in Scotts Valley, California. Mr. Auerbach is the former North American publicly elected member of the Board of Directors of ICANN, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers.

Mr. Auerbach has been working on Internet technology since the early 1970's. He has been a long-time participant in the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). He founded both Epilogue Technology Corporation and Empirical Tools and Technologies, Inc. He has been closely involved with several other startups. Auerbach was formerly a senior researcher in the Advanced Internet Architecture group in the Office of the Chief Strategy Officer at Cisco Systems. In addition to his technical work, Mr. Auerbach has been an attorney in California since 1978. He is a member of the Intellectual Property Section of he California State Bar. He is the co-founder of the Boston Working Group and has been involved in the issue of Internet governance since 1996.

Karen Banks
Association for Progressive Communications
London, UK
[redacted]

Karen Banks is Networking and Advocacy Coordinator for the Association for
Progressive Communications (APC). APC is an international network of civil society organizations (CSOs) dedicated to empowering and supporting groups and individuals working for peace, human rights, development and protection of the environment, through the strategic use of information and communication technologies (ICTs). Prior to becoming advocacy coordinator, Banks coordinated the APC's women's programme (APC WNSP) from 1995. From late 1999 to 2004, she concurrently worked with APC in its 'internet rights' work. She managed the European internet rights monitor and through networking coordinated much of APC's international ICT policy and advocacy work. Karen is APC's principal focal point for the World Summit on the Information Society.

Vittorio Bertola

Mr. Bertola is an engineer from Turin, Italy, with 8 years of experience as a programmer (mainly Perl, PHP, Java), system architect and Linux system administrator on Internet servers, and as technical manager. In 1999, as head of the technical department, he was one of the founders of Vitaminic, one of the most successful dot-coms in Italy, and the leader in digital music distribution in Europe - aiming to create a legal MP3 distribution service that could break the monopoly of the majors. In 2002 he started his own company in the field of third-party cellular phone applications. He believes in the value of small enterprises to break corporate monopolies and bring innovation, competition and freedom of choice in the market.

He was first involved in ICANN in 2000, when he received the most votes of any candidate from southern Europe in the At Large elections. He then became involved in ICANN's At Large efforts, co-founding icannatlarge.com and serving twice as its Chairman. He was then selected as member of the interim ALAC and then elected Chairman. He has been participating in WSIS since the beginning of 2003, where he was a co-founder of the Internet Governance caucus. He is also presently serving as member of the .it Policy Board, and of the Council of ISOC Italy.

Marco Cappato
Transnational Radical Party

Marco Cappato, born in Milan, has a bachelors degree in economics from the Bocconi University in Italy. He was the general advisor of the "Movement of the Pannella Club" from 1994 to 1995, he was then appointed national secretary of the Movement and of the General Council of the Transnational Radical Party. After a brief experience in the field of management and human resources at the Galbani de Melzo Institute, he started to collaborate with the radical group within the European Parliament in 1995. In 1996 he was appointed treasurer of the CORA (Radical Antiprohibitionist coordinator). In 1997 and 1998 he was the Transnational Radical Party representative before the United Nations in New York, where he became particularly involved in the campaign for the implementation of the International Criminal Court. From February 1999 to July 2001 he was Coordinator to the "Radical Comity for the liberal revolution of the United States of Europe". From June '99 to July 2004 he's been a European parliamentarian within the Lista Bonino.

He has been the "drafts man" of the Directive on "privacy with regard to electronic communication" Due to his efforts in countering the generalized control proposals in the field of electronic communications he was awarded European of the Year, by the weekly newspaper "the European Voice". This choice was justified by the following statement: "for his leadership in the campaign for the protection of privacy, in particular in respect of the preservation of the protection of the citizens personal data in the very moment where the United States have undertaken a war against terrorism." Cappato however conceded the award to the Luca Coscioni Association for the freedom of scientific research. Furthermore his was nominated for the "Politician of the Year" award for his actions aiming at countering the European monitoring laws by the American magazine "Wired". In December 2001 he was arrested in Manchester for a non-violent action of civil disobedience in connection with the British laws that condemn the possession of drugs for personal use.

From March to November 2002 he was the president of the Transnational Radical Party board. Since October 2002 he's been the coordinator of the Parliamentarians for Antiprohibitionist Action (PAA), this very group has so far received the support of about 200 Parliamentarians from all around the world.

Eung Hwi Chun
PeaceNet Korea

Eung Hwi Chung holds an M.A. in Public Policy and International Relations from the KDI School of Public Policy and Management. He received his B.A. in English Literature from Korea University. His current position is General Secretary of PeaceNet Korea, E-Commerce Advisory Member, Green Consumer Network in Korea. Mr. Chun has been actively involved in Internet governance policy issues since 2000. He served as a member of Name & Number Committee, of KRNIC (Korea Network Information Center), the South Korean ccTLD administrator. His organization has been a member of the Noncommercial Users Constituency of ICANN's GNSO since 2001. In that capacity, Chun was elected to the GNSO Council, the policy making body for domain names in ICANN. During the WSIS first phase (2003) Chun was a delegate of Korean Civil Society Network.

Mr. Chun has been active in debating and formulating domain name policy in South Korea, including the development of the following papers: "A Prelimanay Review of the 2nd Level Naming Policy in ccTLDs", submitted to a Public Hearing on the 2nd Level Policy of .KR, held in 2004 by the Names and Number Council, KRNIC; and "A Suggestion for Public Policy Response to Spam Issue" (submitted to the Fair Trade Commission of Korean Government in 2004).

Susan P. Crawford
Assistant Professor of Law
Cardozo School of Law

Susan Crawford is Assistant Professor of Law at Cardozo Law School, teaching cyberlaw and intellectual property law. She is also a Policy Fellow with the Center for Democracy & Technology in Washington, D.C, a Fellow with The Information Society Project at Yale Law School, and is active with the Internet Policy Project of the Aspen Institute. Ms. Crawford received her B.A. (summa cum laude, Phi Beta Kappa) and J.D. from Yale University. She served as a clerk for Judge Raymond J. Dearie of the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York, and was a partner at Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering (Washington, D.C.) until the end of 2002, when she left that firm to enter the legal academy.

Susan's practice was focused on Internet law and policy issues, including governance, privacy, intellectual property, advertising, and defamation. She represented major online companies, startups, and joint ventures, and worked particularly closely with companies doing business in the domain name world. From 1996-1998, she taught copyright as an adjunct professor at the Georgetown Law Center, and she has spoken and written frequently about online legal issues.

Susan writes about digital copyright issues and internet governance. Her article, "The Biology of the Broadcast Flag" was published in the Hastings Communications and Entertainment Law Journal in late 2003. Upcoming pieces will be about online identity ("Who's In Charge of Who I Am," to be published in an NYU Press book), FCC jurisdiction ("Nice Work If You Can Get It: The FCC In The Digital Age," to be
published in law review form), and other digital policy issues. She has also published many online essays about ICANN (most co-authored with David R. Johnson), and maintains a website and blog at www.scrawford.net.

Susan is the Chair of the Board of Directors of Innovation Network (www.innonet.org), a member of the Board of Directors of Greenwood Music Camp, and a member of the advisory boards of Public Knowledge, SquareTrade, Renovation in Music Education, Voxiva, and other groups. Susan, a violist, lives in New York City.

Raúl Echeberría
LACNIC

Mr. Echeberria is Uruguayan, age 40, and speaks native Spanish and fluent English and Portuguese (spoken and written). He received a Computer Science Degree from Universidad de la República, Uruguay, a Master in Information Technologies, Universitario Autónomo del Sur, Uruguay, and did Post-graduate studies in Top Level Business Management, Unversidad de
Montevideo, Uruguay.

Echeberria has authored many articles published in different newspapers, specialized magazines and websites, covering topics such as: Domain Names market, ICANN evolution, Internet Governance, spam, and generic Internet issues. He is a regular speaker at international fora worldwide. including regional Internet registry meetings in all the regions. (ARIN, APNIC, RIPE NCC, LACNIC, AFRINIC), WSIS regional and global meetings, Internet Society Workshop at WSIS 2003: "The Internet: The Players, its Legacies and its Future", Latin America – European Union Forum. Rio de Janeiro, Nov. 2001, "Co-operation on Standardisation aspects. The approach in the Americas and the Perspective of Global Fora." He is a permanent Member of the Academic Team of WALC (Workshop in internet technologies for America Latina and the Caribbean) since 1997.

Currently, he is CEO of LACNIC (Latin American and Caribbean Internet Addresses Registry). He was invited to be a member of the NAIS (The NGO and Academic ICANN Study) research Team under contract with the Oxford University 10/2000 – 04/2002. He was Manager of the Latin-American and Caribbean Information and Communication Technologies Policy Monitor Project (APC LAC ICT Policy Monitor Project). He was in 1999 member of the Name Council of ICANN on behalf of the Non-Commercial Constituency and a founding member of the Non-Commercial Domain Name Holders Constituency of ICANN and co-writer of the first Charter. He was Vice Chair of ENRED – Latinamerican Network Forum – 1998 - 2001. Member of the Uruguayan Government Ad Hoc Advisory Council in Electronic Commerce. Member of the Uruguayan Government Ad Hoc Advisory Council in Internet 2 projects.

Norbert Klein
Open Forum of Cambodia

Norbert Klein is Consultant and Adviser to the Director, Open Forum of Cambodia, a Cambodian NGO. A German citizen, he has lived since 1990 in Cambodia, working as contact to the Cambodian Ministries of Agriculture and of Education, and to the Cambodian Red Cross on behalf of the Lutheran World Service/Geneva, until 1994. In 1994 he established the first connection from Cambodia to the Internet continuing to date as the Open Forum Information Exchange. In 1996 he established the Internet Country Code top level domain .kh for Cambodia and administered it until transferring responsibility to the Ministry of Post and Telecommunications in 1998. An expert in multilingual standards, he became involved in 1997 with the development of a UNICODE standard for the Khmer script; in 2004 he created the UNICODE based Khmer Open Source Initiative to create a full range of Khmer UNICODE based localized Open Source software – first applications released August 2004. (www.KhmerOS.info)

He is also Editor of The Mirror, a weekly review of the Khmer press in English; in Cambodian: Kanychok Sangkum. Klein has been active in both ICANN and WSIS processes, having attended the Geneva WSIS meeting and the Tunis meeting in 2004. He is on the Board of Francophonie Institute for New Technologies and Education, and was an invited participant in the Free and Open Source Software Asia-Pacific Consultation in 2004. LANGUAGES: English, French, Japanese, Khmer, Spanish, – mother tongue German

Olivier Nana Nzepa
Yaoundé – Cameroun

Olivier Nana Nzepa is the Africa Region focal point on the World Civil Society Bureau for the WSIS, Member of the Africa Bureau in charge of the WSIS; General coordinator of the Africa Civil Society for Information Society, member of the ICANN At Large Advisory Committee, and Editor of a French Quarterly "Le defi numerique". He is also the national Expert for the World Summit Award, which is a network encompassing close to 180 countries. After training in Journalism, Business Aministration, International relations, Management and Communication, his ICT record on policies and strategies covers a wide span of areas: networking, advocacy, social appropriation, research, consultancy. ICT Expert for Cameroon government, Atos KPMG consulting, UNDP, UNESCO, UNECA, CIDA, Francophonie.

For the last three years he was associated with the two major academic networks dedicated to better understandings of management and development policy in Africa. The first one, Management and Change in Africa, is a cross-cultural research and development effort led by the Centre for Cross Cultural Management Research, ESCP-EAP, European School of Management, Oxford in cooperation with institutes or schools of management in South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Cameroon, Nigeria. In charge of the African French speaking countries, he led in-depth research on institutional framework as well as various dimensions of management and contributed to the writing of three books. He also set up a Web site (africamanagement.org) to disseminate the findings. The second network has been lunched by the University Graduate School of Public and Development Management (Witwatersand, Johannesburg). It concentrates on understanding how the infrastructure can contribute to the success of ICT in Africa. Web site: Researchictafrica.net.

By Milton Mueller, Professor, Georgia Institute of Technology School of Public Policy
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