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Permissionless Innovation: Why It Matters

Konstantinos Komaitis We live in a world of information abundance and the proliferation of ideas. Through mobile devices, tablets, laptops and computers we can access and create any sort of data in a ubiquitous way. But, it was not always like that. Before the Internet information was limited and was travelling slow. Our ancestors depended on channels of information that were often subjected to various policy and regulatory restrictions. The Internet changed all that. more»

AOL Has a Security Hole, and It's Our Problem

John Levine Two weeks ago I wrote about Yahoo's unfortunate mail security actions. Now it's AOL's turn, and the story, as best as I can piece it together, is not pretty. Yahoo used an emerging system called DMARC, which was intended to fight phishing of often forged domains like paypal.com. A domain owner can publish a DMARC "reject" policy which, oversimplifying a little, tells the world that if mail with their name on the 'From:' line didn't come from their servers, it's not from them so you should reject it. more»

Better Than Best Efforts Routing of Mission Critical Traffic and the FCC

Rob Frieden It appears that the FCC will permit exceptions to the standard, plain vanilla best efforts routing standard for Internet traffic, such as the paid peering arrangement recently negotiated between Comcast and Netflix. In both academic and applied papers I have supported this option, with several major conditions... With no opposition that I have seen, companies like Akamai offer better than best efforts routing of "mission critical" traffic from content source to last mile, "retail" Internet Service Providers. more»

Former ICANN Board Member to Congress - ICANN Needs Oversight

Michele Neylon Karl Auerbach has written a quite long but very detailed and well thought out letter to Congress. It's not clear which members of Congress were sent the letter. Karl Auerbach is a former member of ICANN's board and is probably best remembered by many as having taken ICANN to court (and winning) in order to gain access to the organisation's financial records. more»

Spotlight on African Contributions to Internet Governance Discussions (Part 1: NETmundial)

Ephraim Percy Kenyanito The internet affects every individual in this world whether directly or indirectly. For example, a medical professional somewhere in Goma, Congo might access the internet to read and post reviews to current medication available and this might have an impact on the kind of medication that he/she recommends to the patient, whether the patient has access to affordable internet or not. Since the internet affects everyone, Africans citizens who are aware of internet governance discussions, expect African stakeholders to engage in these discussions. more»

The Importance of IP Resource Planning in Government ICT Strategic Plans

Mukom Akong Tamon It seems everywhere I turn, there's someone throwing around statistics for how the Internet and broadband will drive economic growth, create jobs, end world hunger and bring world peace (ok, maybe not the later). Sure enough, government officials are buying into that rhetoric and extending it in initiatives like national broadband strategies, cybercrime and cybersecurity plans as well as e-governance strategies. more»

Doing Crypto

Steven Bellovin The recent discovery of the goto fail and heartbleed bugs has prompted some public discussion on a very important topic: what advice should cryptologists give to implementors who need to use crypto? What should they do? There are three parts to the answer: don't invent things; use ordinary care; and take special care around crypto code. more»

European Data Protection Supervisor Smacks ICANN Over Privacy Issues With 2013 RAA

Michele Neylon ICANN has been sent a letter by the European Data Protection Supervisor calling them out with respect to both data collection, retention and privacy within the context of the 2013 Registrar contract (RAA). The letter is the first instance of one, to my knowledge, which makes reference to the ECJ's recent ruling that rendered the data retention directive null and void. more»

Verisign's Preliminary Comments on ICANN's Name Collisions Phase One Report

Burt Kaliski Verisign posted preliminary public comments on the "Mitigating the Risk of DNS Namespace Collisions" Phase One Report released by ICANN earlier this month. JAS Global Advisors, authors of the report contracted by ICANN, have done solid work putting together a set of recommendations to address the name collisions problem, which is not an easy one, given the uncertainty for how installed systems actually interact with the global DNS. However, there is still much work to be done. I have outlined the four main observations... more»

Blocking Amplification Attacks: Sometimes the Incentives Work Against You

Bryant Rump Since the end of last year, amplification attacks have been increasingly used by attackers and received heavy media coverage. Everyday protocols not given much thought before, like Network Time Protocol (NTP), can be asked in a very short remote command to send a very large response (list of 600 clients last connected to the NTP server) to a spoofed IP address (the target) by the requestor/attacker. more»

Applicant Auction Announces Suggested Schedule for 8 Future Private gTLD Auctions

Sheel Mohnot The Applicant Auction team is getting an increasing number of requests from applicants who are scheduled for ICANN's Last Resort auction and would prefer to participate in the Applicant Auction instead. A common question is: What is my last chance to participate in an Applicant Auction? To be able to give a clear answer for this, we are suggesting a schedule for future Applicant Auctions. more»

Open Source Software Is the Worst Kind Except for All of the Others

John Levine Heartbleed, for anyone who doesn't read the papers, is a serious bug in the popular OpenSSL security library. Its effects are particularly bad, because OpenSSL is so popular, used to implement the secure bit of https: secure web sites on many of the most popular web servers such as apache, nginx, and lighttpd. A few people have suggested that the problem is that OpenSSL is open source, and code this important should be left to trained professionals. They're wrong. more»

NTAG Chair Blog: A Better Auction Framework

Jacob Malthouse New gTLD Applicants now have a more fair and reasonable ICANN auction framework. A collaborative negotiation between the New TLD Applicant Group (NTAG) Auctions Working Group and ICANN Staff resulted in changes that improve the auction rules and bidder agreement. The indemnification and waivers in the agreement are now aligned with breaches that applicants can control. Applicants also now have an indemnification from Power Auction for third party claims related to IP infringement. more»

Small Computers Will Connect Everything

Andrew Thong Size and cost have always been restraining factors to the utilization of computers. The first computers occupied whole rooms. When personal computers arrived, they were still rather bulky. Today, we have slim ultrabooks and compact small form factor PCs. Computers are not only getting smaller in this age, they're also becoming cheaper. And single-board computers like the Raspberry Pi are taking cost and size down a step further. These units bring compact and affordable processing to the masses. more»

Heartbleed: Don't Panic

Steven Bellovin There's been a lot of ink and pixels spilled of late over the Heartbleed bug. Yes, it's serious. Yes, it potentially affects almost everyone. Yes, there are some precautions you should take. But there's good news, too: for many people, it's a non-event. Heartbleed allows an attacker to recover a random memory area from a web or email server running certain versions of OpenSSL. The question is what's in that memory. It may be nothing, or it may contain user passwords (this has reportedly been seen on Yahoo's mail service), cryptographic keys, etc. more»

News Briefs

Internet Civil Rights Was Signed Into Law by Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff

The Register – Kieren McCarthy reporting in the Register: A bill guaranteeing civil rights on the internet was signed into law by Brazilian president Dilma Rousseff at the NetMundial Internet Governance conference today. In a theatrical flourish, Rousseff signed the "Marco Civil" at the podium before giving a speech at the opening ceremony of the NetMundial Internet Governance conference that runs today and tomorrow here in Sao Paulo. ›››

Master Class in Internet Governance and Policy by InterConnect

InterConnect announces the first in a developing series of new Master Classes on "Internet Infrastructure and Governance" starting June 30 through July 3, 2014. ›››

Neustar Acquires .CO Internet

.CO Internet closed its chapter as an independent company and became part of the publicly traded Neustar on Monday afternoon. The Sterling, Va.-based provider of real-time analytics and registry services was also already providing a critical piece of .CO Internet's technology infrastructure. ›››

Washington Abuzz with Activity Concerning NTIA's IANA Transition Announcement

IGP – Brenden Kuerbis reporting in IGP: "Washington D.C. is abuzz with activity concerning NTIA's IANA transition announcement. Last week saw a hearing with the House Energy & Commerce Committee and a discussion at the Hudson Institute, this week brings another hearing with the Judiciary Committee as well as a NetCaucus briefing. So far, three bills have been proposed." ›››

ICANN Releases Call for Public Input for NTIA's Stewardship Transition of IANA

On 8 April 2014, ICANN released the "Call for Public Input: Draft Proposal, Based on Initial Community Feedback, of the Principles and Mechanisms and the Process to Develop a Proposal to Transition NTIA's Stewardship of the IANA Functions." ›››

gTLD.club, New Site Focused on New gTLDs

Participant Jean Guillon submits the following text about a new website gTLD.club which is focused on new generic Top-Level Domains. ›››

Sophia Bekele: The AUCC Debate on Cybersecurity Needs to Involve All Stakeholders

The African Union's Convention on the Establishment of a Credible Legal Framework for Cyber Security in Africa (AUCC) has been the focus of debate recently.To shed light on online security issues in Africa, CIO East Africa sought the views of Ms Sophia Bekele, an internet security expert and international policy advisor over internet and ICT. ›››

Indonesia's Largest Telecom Provider Leaks Large Portions of the Global Routing Table

Earl Zmijewski from Renesys reports: Yesterday, Indosat, one of Indonesia’s largest telecommunications providers, leaked large portions of the global routing table multiple times over a two-hour period. This means that, in effect, Indosat claimed that it “owned” many of the world’s networks. Once someone makes such an assertion, typically via an honest mistake in their routing policy, the only question remaining is how much of the world ends up believing them and hence, what will be the scale of the damage they inflict? ›››

European Parliament Votes to Drop Mobile Phone Roaming Fees While Abroad

BBC – The European Parliament has voted to scrap the roaming fees charged for using a mobile phone while abroad. Under the wide-ranging telecoms reforms, the cost of making a call or downloading internet data in another EU country will be the same as at home. The change is due to take effect from 15 December next year. It still requires approval from EU governments. ›››

Vint Cerf: Ask Your ISPs What Their Plan Is for IPv6

Vint Cerf joined TWiT TV host Leo Laporte yesterday in Google+ Hangout urging that we need to stop running the experimental version of the Internet and move to the production version of the Internet running IPv6! He also made a great request to everyone watching to ask their Internet Service Providers (ISPs) about when the ISPs would have IPv6 available. ›››

European Standardization Organizations Discuss Role of Standards for EU Cybersecurity Strategy

Delegation from the European Standardization Organizations (ESOs) - CEN, CENELEC and ETSI - met with Neelie Kroes, the Vice-President of the European Commission responsible for the Digital Agenda, in Brussels yesterday (2 April 2014) discussing how to maximize the positive contribution that standards can make to enhancing internet security and protecting personal data, in order to support the successful implementation of the EU Cybersecurity Strategy. ›››

Lawrence Strickling on US Backing Away from Direct Involvement in Running the Internet

CNET News – In an interview with CNET, Strickling, the assistant secretary for communications and information, said the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) and other organizations are now mature enough to run the Internet through oversight by many stakeholders. ›››

Faceobook on Connecting the World from the Sky

Facebook has announced more details on how its Connectivity Lab is working to connect the world from the sky with drones, satellites and lasers. ›››

US House Hearing Scheduled on Internet Stability, IANA Transition

The Subcommittee on Communications and Technology has scheduled a hearing for Wednesday, April 2, 2014 on "Ensuring the Security, Stability, Resilience, and Freedom of the Global Internet." ›››

Internet Society Calls for Restoration of Full Internet Access in Turkey

Internet Society President and CEO, Kathy Brown, issued the following statement in light of recent Internet disruptions in Turkey. ›››

SPECIAL: Updates from the ICANN Meetings in Singapore

CircleID in collaboration with the team from Dyn Inc. and ICANNWiki, brings you video blogs and updates from ICANN 49 in Singapore (23-27 March 2014). ›››

CENTR Reports on Latest ccTLD Stats

The Council of European National Top level Domain Registries (CENTR) has released its 7th edition of DomainWire Stat Report with special focus on European country code Top-Level Domains (ccTLDs). According to the report, the top 20 largest ccTLDs currently represent roughly 82% of all ccTLD registrations globally and 37% of all domain names globally (gTLDs, ccTLDs etc). ›››

Secure Domain Foundation Launched to Help Internet Infrastructure Operators Fight Cybercrime

Experts and companies in the information security industry today announced the formation of the Secure Domain Foundation (SDF), a new, non-profit, community-driven organization devoted to the identification and prevention of Internet cyber crime utilizing the domain name system (DNS). ›››

US Ambassador and US Commerce Dept Assistant Secretary Defend Transition of IANA Oversight

In an article entitled "Celebrating and Protecting the Global Internet" in Bloomberg BNA, US Ambassador Sepulveda and US Commerce Dept Assistant Secretary Strickling defend the transition of IANA oversight to the global multistakeholder community. ›››

UPDATEDU.S. Government Announces Intent to Transition DNS Functions to Global Community

U.S. Commerce Department's National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) took a historic step today announcing "its intent to transition key Internet domain name functions to the global multistakeholder community." ››› Updated: Mar 17, 3:04 PM

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DotConnectAfrica's Executive Director Sophia Bekele Keynote Remarks for the ITU's Girl's ICT Day

DotConnectAfrica Sophia Bekele the DCA Executive Director was invited to give a Key Note speech at the annual Girl's ICT day on 24th April 2014 in Addis Ababa Ethiopia organized by International Telecommunication Union (ITU). more»

Introducing getdns: a Modern, Extensible, Open Source API for the DNS

Verisign At The Next Web, getdns is one of the challenge APIs in a 36-hour Hack Battle. Multiple teams of application coding experts are using getdns to develop innovative applications that leverage the global security infrastructure available through DNS Security Extensions (DNSSEC). more»

New gTLD .WANG Launched - Here Is Why "Wang" Is Both "King" and "Net" to the Chinese

Zodiac Registry Zodiac is pleased to announce the launch of .wang. As a pinyin (the official phonetic system for transcribing Chinese characters into Latin alphabet), "wang" is the Mandarin pronunciation of a number of Chinese characters, including 王 and 网. more»

Public Interest Registry Announces Sunrise Period for New Internationalized Domain Names

PIR Qualified domain trademark holders can now submit applications for each of these three new domains which translate to "organisation" or "institution" in non-Latin-based scripts -- one in Devanagari (.संगठन), one in Cyrillic (.орг), and one in simplified Chinese (.机构). Registration will open to all interested parties beginning May 27. more»

General Availability Period for New .RED Top-Level Domain Opens

Afilias Afilias today announced April 17, 2014, as the general availability launch date of the .RED generic top-level domain (gTLD). As an unrestricted domain, .RED names are available to be registered by anyone, anywhere in the world. more»

General Availability Period for New .BLUE Top-Level Domain Opens

Afilias Global registry services provider Afilias today announced April 17, 2014, as the general availability launch date of the .BLUE generic top-level domain (gTLD). As an unrestricted domain, .BLUE addresses can be registered by anyone, anywhere in the world. more»

General Availability Period for New .PINK Top-Level Domain Opens

Afilias Afilias today announced April 17, 2014, as the general availability launch date of the new .PINK generic top-level domain (gTLD). The .PINK domain is unrestricted, meaning anyone, anywhere can register a .PINK domain name. more»

New Chinese "Mobile" Top-Level Domain Now Available

Afilias Global registry services provider and dotMobi registry operator Afilias today announced the general availability of its first Internationalized Domain Name (IDN) at the top level: .移动 (.MOBILE in Chinese). more»

New .KIM Domain Goes Live

Afilias Global registry services provider Afilias today announced April 17, 2014, as the general availability launch date of the .KIM generic top-level domain (gTLD). more»

Welcome .SHIKSHA! General Availability Now Open

Afilias Global registry services provider Afilias today announced April 17, 2014, as the general availability launch date of the top-level domain designed specifically for education in India: .SHIKSHA. more»

Adrian Kinderis Appointed as Chair of Domain Name Association

ARI Registry Services ARI Registry Services is pleased to announce that CEO Adrian Kinderis has this week been appointed as Chair of the Board of Directors of the Domain Name Association (DNA), the domain name industry's global trade body. more»

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