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Minimum Disclosure: What Information Does a Name Server Need to Do Its Job?

Burt Kaliski Two principles in computer security that help bound the impact of a security compromise are the principle of least privilege and the principle of minimum disclosure or need-to-know. As described by Jerome Saltzer in a July 1974 Communications of the ACM article, Protection and the Control of Information Sharing in Multics, the principle of least privilege states, "Every program and every privileged user should operate using the least amount of privilege necessary to complete the job." more»

Could Net Neutrality be to Investments in the Internet What AT&T's Regulation was to Bell Labs?

Jennifer Wolfe As the FCC moves forward with its plans to regulate the internet in the U.S., it's worth taking a look at what's happened when the government has regulated other innovative industries. As a facilitator of innovation, I've always been fascinated with the history of Bell Labs. Bell Labs was once thought of as the source of most modern innovations... The work done at Bell Labs built the foundation for modern invention leading to phones, space exploration, the internet, music distribution, cell phones, radio and television and more. more»

The Dot Green gTLD and the Domain Name Delusion That Foretells General gTLD Disaster

Frederick Harris I admire Annalisa Roger. I know from my single email interaction with her that she means well. Nonetheless, dot Green apparently ranks below 330 in the list of operational new gTLDs with an apparent total of 117 domains, give or take a few. Why is this the case? It seems to me that dot Green is one the few new gTLDs that actually deserves support... The notion that most generic gTLDs [like dot Green] are already positioned to accommodate brand channel partners such as this or that 'brandchannel.green' is illusion. more»

Dictators Could Rule the Internet: A Response to Robert McDowell and Gordon Goldstein

Timothy Denton The Obama administration's proposals to regulate the Internet according to common carrier rules have set off a storm of opposition from carrier interests, whose scale and reach have been impressive. The arguments they muster are fatuous and deceitful. The Internet is not what the carriers own or have created; the Internet is what they seek to extract money from. "Regulating the Internet" is not the issue; regulating the carriers is. more»

A History of Disruptors: Or How the U.S. Government Saved the Internet from the Telcos

Timothy Denton Kenji Kushida is a scholar at Stanford University, who has written a most explanatory overview of how America came to dominate cyberspace, through computer companies. He traces the evolution of the Internet to a series of actions taken by the US government to limit the power of the telephone companies. Kushida looks at the USA, Europe and Japan from the perspective of what happened when telephone monopolies were broken up and competition introduced in the 1990s. more»

The Next Stage of the Broadbanding of the World

Paul Budde The UN Broadband Commission -- which I assisted in establishing and to which I am special advisor -- is now in its fifth year. Set up by the two UN agencies, UNESCO and ITU, it received the support of 50 leading international people such as government ministers, heads of a range of UN and associated organisations, and CEOs of leading private industry companies. Overall it is a public-private partnership. It is chaired by the President of Rwanda, Paul Kagame, and Carlos Slim from Mexico. more»

IPv6 Security Myth #7: 96 More Bits, No Magic

Chris Grundemann This week's myth is interesting because if we weren't talking security it wouldn't be a myth. Say what? The phrase "96 more bits, no magic" is basically a way of saying that IPv6 is just like IPv4, with longer addresses. From a pure routing and switching perspective, this is quite accurate. OSPF, IS-IS, and BGP all work pretty much the same, regardless of address family. Nothing about finding best paths and forwarding packets changes all that much from IPv4 to IPv6. more»

Title II and ICANN

Michael Roberts Many voices are hailing February 26th as a watershed day in the history of the Internet in the United States. After a year of loud argument, frequent misrepresentations, and epic flows of political contributions, the FCC has restored the open Internet rules which prevailed from 2010 until struck down in a court ruling last year. And it has done so with new reliance on existing provisions of U.S. telecom law which it believes will pass judicial scrutiny. more»

Packet Loss: How the Internet Enforces Speed Limits

Steven Bellovin There's been a lot of controversy over the FCC's new Network Neutrality rules. Apart from the really big issues -- should there be such rules at all? Is reclassification the right way to accomplish it? -- one particular point has caught the eye of network engineers everywhere: the statement that packet loss should be published as a performance metric, with the consequent implication that ISPs should strive to achieve as low a value as possible. more»

CMO Offers Fresh View on New gTLDs: "They're a Channel, Not Just a Label"

Annalisa Roger Several years ago, I had a very interesting conversation with a talented marketing executive from Portland, Oregon who joined the DotGreen Community, Inc. Board of Directors. When I told him about the new gTLD program, which was then under development at ICANN, Dave Maddocks immediately understood the value of what new gTLDs would mean to all businesses that have an online location. more»

With .APP, ICANN's Auction Piggy Bank Just Got Even Bigger

John Levine ICANN reports that Google paid over $25 million for .APP in the February 25 domain auction. They were willing to bid $30M, but it's a second bid auction so that was just enough to beat out whoever the second highest bidder was. The auction proceeds piggy bank just nearly doubled from $34M to about $59M dollars, and ICANN still has no idea what to do with it. more»

More Evidence Why Doing Good Pays Off and Love Doesn't

Alex Tajirian The new gTLDs program can't succeed unless two things happen. The approved registries must do good, and ICANN must weed out applicants who are in love. This is to say that registries should put users' good first, and applicants shouldn't get the nod unless their motive is economic and/or social viability. A recent study reveals that leading companies have enjoyed healthy profits because they made doing good their strategic foundation. more»

The Mobile Internet

Geoff Huston It has been observed that the most profound technologies are those that disappear (Mark Weiser, 1991). They weave themselves into the fabric of everyday life until they are indistinguishable from it, and are notable only by their absence. The feat of reticulating clean potable water into every house, so that it is constantly accessible at the turn of a tap, is a great example of the outcome of large scale civil engineering projects, combining with metallurgy, hydrology, chemistry and physics. But we never notice it until it is no longer there. more»

Why Attribution Is Important for Today's Network Defenders

Josh Ray It makes me cringe when I hear operators or security practitioners say, "I don't care who the attacker is, I just want them to stop." I would like to believe that we have matured past this idea as a security community, but I still find this line of thinking prevalent across many organizations -- regardless of their cyber threat operation's maturity level. Attribution is important, and we as Cyber Threat Intelligence (CTI) professionals, need to do a better job explaining across all lines of business and security operations... more»

Hiding in the Firmware?

Steven Bellovin The most interesting feature of the newly-described "Equation Group" attacks has been the ability to hide malware in disk drive firmware. The threat is ghastly: you can wipe the disk and reinstall the operating system, but the modified firmware in the disk controller can reinstall nasties. A common response has been to suggest that firmware shouldn't be modifiable, unless a physical switch is activated. more»

News Briefs

Google Wins .APP New gTLD Auction for $25 Million

Michael Berkens reporting in TheDomains.com: "The new gTLD .APP sold for $25 Million to Google today in a ICANN Last Resort Auction which I think is very good news for the new gTLD program in general. This is the highest price paid in an ICANN Last Resort Auction. It looks like Google was willing to pay over $30 Million based on the info published by ICANN..." ›››

The FCC Approves Net Neutrality Rules

Washington Post – The Federal Communications Commission approved strict new rules for Internet providers Thursday in a historic vote that represents the government's most aggressive attempt to make sure the Web remains a level playing field. ›››

37.9% of Global Population Using the Internet, Says Internet.org Report

A new study by Facebook-led Internet.org, called "State of Connectivity: A Report on Global Internet Access," takes a look at the current state of global internet connectivity, who’s connected, who’s not and why. The paper uses existing data and incorporates its own new findings to examine internet penetration and barriers to further growth. "By early 2015, 3 billion people will be online. This is an incredible milestone, but it also means that only 40% of the world’s population has ever connected to the internet." ›››

Hearing on "Preserving the Multistakeholder Model of Internet Governance"

Kevin Murphy reporting in DomainIncite: "The Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation will meet this Wednesday at 1000 local time to grill Chehade and others on the plan to remove the US government from the current triumvirate responsible for managing changes to the DNS root zone under the IANA arrangements..." ›››

Comparing Root Server Performance Around the World

External Source – Mehmet Akcin writes: "One performance metric on which we all focus is: How fast is my service? Let me be more specific here, by "fast" we mean that when a DNS query is made, an answer is provided quickly to a DNS client. We call this query resolution time. We are going to be running several tests in upcoming months that focus on DNS performance for various systems. This first analysis is about the performance of DNS root servers." ›››

AFNIC: 2014 Was the Year of the Big Bang for nTLDs

AFNIC has released an article providing a global overview of TLDs in 2014 and some thoughts about market prospects in 2015 and 2016. ›››

Group Forms Universal Acceptance Iniative for New gTLDs

DomainIncite – A new Universal Acceptance Steering Group has formed, with the support of ICANN and the Domain Name Association, to help fix many of the compatibility problems facing new gTLD registrants today. "The basic problem is that these new types of domains and email addresses just break stuff," Google's Brent London said during a UASG meeting at the ICANN meeting in Singapore last week. ›››

10th GigaNet Annual Symposium - Call for Proposals

On Monday, 9 November 2015, the Global Internet Governance Academic Network (GigaNet) will hold its 10th annual symposium in João Pessoa, Brazil. The event will take place one day before and in the same location as the United Nations Internet Governance Forum (IGF). ›››

Internet Society Board of Trustees Issues Statement on IANA Transition

In a statement released today, the Internet Society says during its Board meeting 14-15 February, the Board of Trustees praised the progress made by the global Internet community on the IANA stewardship transition and emphasized that a successful transition will reinforce the value of the collaborative, multistakeholder model. ›››

AFRINIC Partners With ICANN on AFRICA DNS Business Exchange Programme

A series of internships have been set up to facilitate capacity building for registrars and registries in Africa to boost the African domain name business. Launched by ICANN in partnership with AFRINIC, the first phase of the DNS Business Exchange Programme involved interns selected from ICANN accredited registrars. ›››

Governments Concerned Over ICANN's Complex, Lengthy and Ambiguous Processes

The Register – The world's governments have told domain name overseer ICANN that its processes are "complex, lengthy and ambiguous" and warned that they may be ineffective at dealing with domain-name abuse or fraud. The extraordinary statement comes in the official communiqué of the Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC) of ICANN, published today following a week-long meeting in Singapore. ›››

ICANN's 52nd Meeting Kicks Off in Singapore

Singapore's Minister of Communications and Information, Dr. Yaacob bin Ibrahim, and former Senior Advisor to President Bill Clinton, Ira Magaziner, spoke to the success of the multistakeholder model of Internet governance during the Opening Ceremony of ICANN's 52nd public meeting today... ›››

FCC Chairman: It's Time to Settle Net Neutrality Questions

Federal Communication Commission (FCC) Chairman, Tom Wheeler, today in an open letter in the Wired Magazine writes: "After more than a decade of debate and a record-setting proceeding that attracted nearly 4 million public comments, the time to settle the Net Neutrality question has arrived..." ›››

FCC Expected to Propose Regulation of Internet as Utility

Sources are reporting that Tom Wheeler, the Federal Communications Commission chairman, is widely expected this week to propose regulating Internet service similar to a public utility -- a move certain to unleash another round of intense debate and lobbying about how to ensure so-called net neutrality, or an open Internet. ›››

BT Announces 500Mbps to 1000Mbps Broadband Rollout to UK Homes

British Telecom has announced its plan to transform the UK broadband landscape from superfast to ultrafast. The company says it plans to deliver much faster broadband for homes and small businesses via a widespread deployment of “G.fast” -- a technology the company will test in two pilot locations starting this Summer. G.fast is aimed to help BT deliver ultrafast speeds of up to 500Mbps to most of the UK within a decade. Deployment will start in 2016–2017, subject to the pilots being successful, BT says. ›››

UK Army Sets Up Special Internet-Focused Unit

BBC – The Army is setting up a new unit that will use psychological operations and social media to help fight wars "in the information age". Head of the Army General Sir Nick Carter said the move was about trying to operate "smarter". The 77th Brigade, made up of reservists and regular troops and based in Hermitage, Berkshire, will be formally created in April. It has been inspired by the Chindits who fought in Burma in World War Two. ›››

Google Fiber Expanding to Four More Cities

According to news sources Google's fiber-to-the-home service is expanding to four additional cities: Atlanta; Nashville, Tennessee; Charlotte and Raleigh-Durham, North Carolina. Google Fiber currently is available in Kansas City, Austin, Texas and Provo, Utah. At a price tag of $80 per month, the service offers speeds around 10 times greater than that of the average Internet connection. ›››

Internet Society Issues Statement on Developing Cyber Security Policy Initiatives

The Internet Society has released an announcement setting out its views on the development of policy to address the balance between security and privacy. From an Internet perspective and in the context of the growing threat vector from hacking, targeted cyber attacks on networks and individuals, and surveillance, the Internet Society's approach to the development of cyber security policy initiatives is based on the following key considerations. ›››

Facebook's Internet.org Delivers Free Internet to Colombia

Facebook's Internet.org has launched a free Internet application in Colombia as part of a drive to bring developing markets online. Colombia is the first nation in Latin America and the fourth in the world to receive the new Internet.org service, in partnership with local mobile phone provider Tigo, but the aim is to push the app globally. The mobile app, aimed at low income and rural users, offers more than a dozen tools via the Android operating system... ›››

Elon Musk Confirms Satellite Plan for Global Internet Access

Elon Musk has announced plans for a space project to provide faster, cheaper Internet access around the globe. The $15 billion plan would use hundreds of satellites placed 750 miles above the Earth, far lower than existing communications satellites. Doing so would speed up the transfer of data and give better coverage to three billion people who do not have it. ›››

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Industry Updates

IBCA Presentation to ICANN GAC on Protection of Geographic Names in New gTLDs

DotConnectAfrica The Internet Business Council for Africa (IBCA) was invited by ICANN Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC) to present comments it had submitted for the proposed for Protection of Geographic Names in New gTLDs during ICANN GAC session. more»

Public Sector Experiences Largest Increase in DDoS Attacks (Verisign's Q4 2014 DDoS Trends)

Verisign Verisign has released its Q4 2014 DDoS Trends Report providing a unique view into DDoS attack trends from mitigations on behalf of, and in cooperation with, customers of Verisign DDoS Protection Services, and the security research of iDefense Security Intelligence Services. more»

NSW Government Launches .sydney Domain

ARI Registry Services The New South Wales Government, ARI Registry Services and a selection of Sydney's most recognised businesses today joined forces to officially launch .sydney web addresses as the city's new home online. more»

New .VOTE and .VOTO Domains Now Available

Afilias Monolith Registry, a venture backed by global registry services provider Afilias, announced today that registration is now open to the public for two new generic top-level domains: "dot VOTE" or .VOTE, and its Spanish/Italian/Portuguese counterpart "dot VOTO" or .VOTO. more»

Help Ensure the Availability and Security of Your Enterprise DNS with Verisign Recursive DNS

Verisign This new cloud-based recursive DNS service leverages Verisign's global, securely managed DNS infrastructure to offer the performance, reliability and security that enterprises demand when securing their internal networks and that communications safely and securely reach their intended destinations. more»

Verisign iDefense 2015 Cyber-Threats and Trends

Verisign Here is an overview of the key cyber security trends we expect to see in 2015. The majority of this year's threats and trends reflect research on iDefense's core focus areas of cyber-crime, cyber espionage and hacktivism. more»

Verisign Launches New Monthly Blog Series: Top 10 Keywords Registered in .COM and .NET

Verisign With more than 220 million domain names registered globally, there are numerous examples of trends reflected by domain name registrations. more»

.LGBT Public Launch Begins Today

Afilias Global domain registry operator Afilias announced today the first and only top-level domain (TLD) dedicated to the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community is now open for registration: "dot LGBT" or .LGBT. All LGBT community members and businesses, organizations and other entities serving the community may register for a .LGBT domain name immediately. more»

.POKER Domain Sunrise Period Begins

Afilias Global registry services provider and poker fan Afilias announced today the beginning of the sunrise period of "dot POKER" or .POKER: eligible trademark holders can deal themselves in immediately. more»

Verisign Celebrates .com's 30th Anniversary, Launches Domain Name Contest

Verisign Verisign is celebrating the 30th anniversary of the .com top-level-domain by launching a contest called "Internet Official" (#InternetOfficial). more»

Standards and Browser Compatibility

dotMobi Browser compatibility is hard. Especially on mobile. If you thought things were difficult 10 years ago when there were only a handful of browsers to contend with, then thinking about the situation for mobile may make you dizzy or depressed. more»

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