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45th Anniversary of the First Message Between ARPAnet Computers

Dan York Given that CircleID is about "Internet Infrastructure" it would be remiss if there wasn't a mention here that October 29, 2014, was the 45th anniversary of the moment when the first message was sent between two ARPAnet computers located at UCLA and the Stanford Research Institute (SRI). That moment was chronicled well this year by Matt Novak writing on Gizmodo's Paleofuture, complete with photos of the original logs and more. more»

Enhanced Confusion: The European Council and the Governance of the Internet

Wolfgang Kleinwächter On November 1, 2014, the new European Commission started its work. One of the priorities of its new president, Jean Claude Juncker, is the digital agenda. The European Union wants to be a leader in the Internet world of tomorrow. Vice President Andrus Ansip from Estonia (some people spell the country name "e-stonia") and Commissioner Günter Oettinger from Germany will have special responsibilities to implement the big plans. Juncker was elected by the European Parliament, although the green light for his nomination came from the European Council. more»

Deadline of Oct 31 to Register for IAB Workshop on Stack Evolution in a Middlebox Internet

Dan York Can we develop better transport protocols for communication across the Internet? In a world where the "end-to-end" principle is no longer certain and middleboxes are common, which paths through the Internet are actually available to applications? Which transports can be used over these paths? How can applications cooperate with network elements to improve path establishment and discovery? ... These are all questions posed for the Internet Architecture Board's (IAB) Workshop on Stack Evolution in a Middlebox Internet (SEMI). Taking place in Zürich, Switzerland from 26-27 January, 2015. more»

Stopping Illegal Activity Online - It's More Complicated Than It Seems

Byron Holland There was a compelling article in the Wall Street Journal (WSJ) the other day about ICANN and illegal online pharmacies. The result of a six-month investigation, the reporter, Jeff Elder, calls into question ICANN's effectiveness in investigating complaints of suspected illegal activity on domain names it has a contractual relationship with. Elder cites a recent incident where Interpol and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration tried to have 1,300 websites shut down because they were suspected of selling drugs without a prescription. more»

The "Bottom Dilemma"

Joao Carlos Caribe I attended the 46th ICANN meeting in Beijing, China, and made a statementat on the panel "Internet Governance -- The Global Agenda", questioning the limits of the multistakeholder model, or more precisely the "bottom" of the bottom-up concept. My expectation was enormous, just at the time when two important meetings on governance and information society are in evidence: the WCIT and WSIS +10. more»

Taking It to the Streets

Mark Goldberg It is interesting to see telecommunications policy issues being covered by the general media. Of course, we expect to see coverage of communications issues in the business press. The sector is a large employer, makes massive investments in infrastructure and virtually every citizen buys communications products and services every month. Still, covering the sector in the business section is different from seeing coverage move to the front page or the general editorial pages. more»

The New TLD Registry Example to Follow

Jean Guillon With lessons learnt from the first Round, what does a new applicant need to know to prepare for the coming Round? Which example should he follow to increase his chances of success? I have had the chance to read about new domain names sales figure expectations, prior to the launching of Round one of the ICANN new gTLD program. Comments that I read and feed-backs that I have today are: "our expectations are the one we wrote on the paper and we are happy with them". more»

The ITU Busan Plenipotentiary

Anthony Rutkowski The ongoing ITU Plenipotentiary Conference in Busan South Korea is the quadrennial gathering where its Nation State Members gather to elect new leadership of its four permanent secretariats and populate a few other of its assorted bodies. The next two weeks are spent in endless sessions where several regional blocs of Members still enamored with pre-liberalization telecom models complain about the new world of telecommunications that they did not invent -- while engaging in copious use of their new smart phones and online services. more»

Summary of the Registration Operations Association Workshop

Scott Hollenbeck The first Registration Operations Association Workshop took place on Thursday, 16 October 2014, at the Los Angeles Hyatt Regency Century Plaza Hotel. I'd like to thank the 64 people that took the time to attend and participate in the discussion, both in-person and remote. I started the workshop with an introduction to some of the technical challenges being faced by the domain registration industry. more»

Moving ICANN Meeting from Marakech Would Send the Wrong Message

Andrew Mack Reports of the cancelation of the ICANN 52 meeting in the Moroccan town of Marrakesh appear to be exaggerated. They did, however, force the organization to issue a statement on Sunday confirming that while "no decision had been taken yet" ICANN was considering postponing the meeting in Marrakech scheduled for 8-12 February, 2015. This would a mistake, in our opinion... more»

Mobile Consolidation Is Unavoidable

Paul Budde Despite its absolute success in providing competition to the telecoms market, infrastructure-based competition in the mobile market is now also reaching its final stages. We have been predicting this for some time; we did so in order to highlight the need to change to different business models in the industry -- models with more emphasis on infrastructure-sharing and competition based on new innovative services rather than on utility offerings... more»

An Open Letter to the Prime Minister of India, from Within India, Through an Internet Blog

Sivasubramanian M Hon' Prime Minister, Why would India table Proposal 98 for the work of the ITU Plenipotentiary Conference? Contribution 98 wants the ITU to develop an IP address plan; wants it to be a contiguous IP address platform so as to enable the Governments to map and locate every Internet user; suggests that the ITU may coordinate the distribution of IP addresses accordingly; instructs the ITU Secretary General to develop policies for... naming, numbering and addressing which are [already] systematic, equitable... more»

Stay Current, Achieve Excellence: 4 Emerging Cloud Techniques

David Eisner How do you achieve excellence in the cloud? Enterprises know it's not enough to simply locate and leverage the services of a cloud provider: using cloud resources effectively marks the difference between "adequate" and "excellence" in achieving long-term IT and revenue goals. But to maximize cloud use, you need to know what's next for this disruptive market: here are four emerging techniques. more»

Internet Society Posting Updates from ITU Plenipot 2014 in Busan

Dan York If you are, like me, not in Busan, South Korea, for the 2014 ITU Plenipotentiary Conference but are curious about what is going on there, my Internet Society colleagues on our public policy team have been posting regular updates to the Internet Society's blog and to the @ISOCPolicy Twitter account... Given that I work in the technology side of Internet Society's work and don't have the cycles to keep up-to-date with everything going on there in Busan, I've found these updates very helpful in understanding some of the major events happening at the ITU Plenipot 2014. more»

Beyond Neutrality - Enabling a World of Connected Things

Bob Frankston The growing interest in the "Internet of Things" is forcing us to think beyond the web to a much larger world of connected devices. We can tolerate the many barriers to connectivity because we expect that someone can provide the necessary credentials to log in to the providers' services and to adjust Wi-Fi access keys whenever the access point changes or simply to click "agree" at a hotspot. This doesn't work for "things" which can't recognize a sign-on or "agree screen". more»

News Briefs

China's World Internet Conference to Be Held in November

China's high-profile "World Internet Conference" will be held next month where more than 1,000 representatives from tech firms and regulators are expected to attend. The event will be held from Nov. 19-21 in Wuzhen, Zhejiang Province. The conference is planned to cover topics including global Internet governance, mobile Internet, cross-border e-commerce, cyber security and terrorism.  ›››

Hungarians Protesting Against Proposed Internet Tax

New York Times – Hungary's leadership is under pressure to drop plans to tax Internet use, a move seen as a way to cut off public debate by limiting information not controlled by the rightist government of Prime Minister Viktor Orban. Tens of thousands of Hungarians gathered in the streets of Budapest this week to protest the plan... The government denies the tax was devised to inhibit access to information, saying it is an extension of an existing tax on telephones that is being put in effect because a growing share of communication has moved online. ›››

Afnic Reporting About Impact of New TLDs on Traditional TLDs

The October 2014 edition of the Afnic Industry Report on Domain Names is out with focus on the impact of the hundreds of new TLDs on "traditional" players. The October 2014 issue shows that gTLDs (.com, .biz., etc.) are impacted by the massive influx of new TLDs on the market whereas ccTLDs (.fr, .re, ...) are better resisting the newcomers. ›››

ICANN Postpones 52nd Meeting in Marrakech Due of Ebola

Morocco World News reports today that ICANN has decided to postpone its 52 meeting initially scheduled to take place in Marrakech. The meeting was due to be held in Morocco’s main tourist destination on February 8-12 however, according to sources, the postponing decision was made by the organization due to the spread of the Ebola virus and after the Moroccan government stressed the need to avoid organizing major gatherings of people coming from different countries. ›››

Afilias Announces Plan to Raise $100 Million via London AIM Exchange

Afilias, headquartered in Dublin, is set to float on AIM with new shares issued by the company expected to raise approximately $100m. Hal Lubsen, Chief Executive Officer of Afilias says: "Today's announcement is an important step in the next phase of our growth, as we look to be a key player in the new programme of TLDs, and make selective acquisitions to increase the breadth and depth of our services and reach." ›››

Second Master Class in Internet Governance and Policy by InterConnect

InterConnect announces a second date for its "Master Class on Internet Governance" starting 17 – 21 November 2014. InterConnect provides the following information regarding the course. ›››

Washington Post: How the U.S. Plans to Avoid a U.N. Vote on the Future of the Internet


Nancy Scola reporting in the Washington Post: "The latest battle over who should run the Internet will be waged in the South Korean port city of Busan over the next three weeks. For U.S. officials headed to the United Nation's International Telecommunication Union's Plenipotentiary Conference, the goal is simple: prevent a vote. In short, the State Department's approach is this: Convince the representatives of the other 192 member countries attending the conference that the 150-year-old U.N. technical body is the wrong forum for existential questions about how the Internet should work." ›››

European Data Breaches Have Resulted in Loss of 645 Million Records Since 2004

A first-time study of publically-reported data breaches in the 28 European Union member countries, plus Norway and Switzerland, conducted by the Central European University's Center for Media, Data and Society (CMDS) has found that between 2004 and 2014 the continent's organizations suffered 229 incidents covering 227 million personal records.  ›››

World Economic Forum Announces Plans for Multilateral Architecture to Govern the Internet

The upcoming World Economic Forum (WEF), taking place 21-24 January, 2015 in Switzerland, is dubbed "The New Global Context". The theme aims at reflecting "the period of profound political, economic, social and technological change that the world has entered, which has the potential to end the era of economic integration and international partnership that began in 1989, says WEF's recent announcement." ›››

Former DHS Chief Teaming Up With Insurance Giant Lloyd's of London to Sell Cyber Insurance

The Hill – Cyberattacks like the ones that hit JPMorgan Chase, Home Depot and Target only seem to be getting worse, and former Homeland Security Secretary Tom Ridge has one way for companies to protect themselves. ›››

The .eco TLD Awarded to Coalition of Over 50 Environmental Groups

The Guardian – The .eco domain name will be controlled by the environmental community following a decision by internet regulators. The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (Icann) this week granted control of the domain name to a coalition of about 50 environmental groups, assembled by a Canadian company. ›››

Eric Schmidt Warns Spying Could 'Break' Internet

The Hill – The integrity of the Internet could be at risk if Congress does not act to rein in the National Security Agency, Google head Eric Schmidt warned on Wednesday. Speaking alongside other tech executives and Sen. Ron Wyden (D-Ore.) at a Silicon Valley event, Schmidt said the revelations about U.S. surveillance could prompt countries to wall off their networks. "The simplest outcome: We're going to end up breaking the Internet," Schmidt said. ›››

A Look at the Security Collapse in the HTTPS Market

While in recent years, HTTPS has become integral part of protecting social, political, and economic activities online, widely reported security incidents -- such as DigiNotar's breach, Apple's #gotofail, and OpenSSL's Heartbleed -- have exposed systemic security vulnerabilities of HTTPS to a global audience. ›››

European ccTLDs Have Reached 66.5 Million Registrations, CENTR Reports

According to the latest DomainWire, CENTR's quarterly report, european ccTLDs closed August 2014 with 66.5 million registrations -- a net growth of 0.3% over the past 3 months. Chart below shows growth rates (3m averages) for both European ccTLDs and legacy gTLDs over the past 12 months. It suggests a continued trend downward of both TLD types with a stabilization observed since July. ›››

Map Illustrates Global Internet Population and Penetration

A map released by Information Geographies at the Oxford Internet Institute illustrates the total number of Internet users in a country as well as the percentage of the population that has Internet access. "The distortion in the map paints a revealing picture about human activity on the Internet. China is now home to the world’s largest Internet population at over half a billion. The United States, India, and Japan then follow as the next most populous nations of Internet users." ›››

Russia Considering Separation from Global Internet 'in an Emergency'

The Guardian – The Kremlin is considering radical plans to unplug Russia from the global internet in the event of a serious military confrontation or big anti-government protests at home, Russian officials hinted on Friday. President Vladimir Putin will convene a meeting of his security council on Monday. It will discuss what steps Moscow might take to disconnect Russian citizens from the web "in an emergency", the Vedomosti newspaper reported. The goal would be to strengthen Russia's sovereignty in cyberspace. ›››

Amazon Wins Bid for .Buy TLD at $4.6M

CNET News – Amazon has beaten Google in a bid to acquire the .buy top-level domain. ICANN, the international Internet regulator, has awarded (PDF) Amazon the .buy domain after the company successfully outbid three other competitors in an auction. Amazon paid $4.6 million in an auction that ended on Wednesday. Google came in second place through its registry service, Charleston Road Registry. Google lost other auctions on .tech and .vip, as well. ›››

FCC Receives 3.7 Million Comments on Net Neutrality

The Federal Communications Commission has finished accepting comments on the controversial net neutrality proposal closing out as by far the most-commented issue in agency's history with a total of approximately 3.7 million replies. The commenting period has been open for five months and was even extended for several days due to frequent issues with the agency's website. ›››

New Top-Level Domains Shaking the Main Established Registrars, AFNIC Reports

Four of the top ten registrars in the world are not part of the nTLD, says AFNIC in a report released this month. More agile challengers are taking advantage of this situation. "Over and above these methodological considerations, one certain conclusion is that the cards are being reshuffled between the stakeholders. 'Challengers' are arriving thanks to nTLDs, while some incumbents seem slower in taking advantage of these new, still-emerging markets with their 2 million registered domain names compared with a world total of 276 million." ›››

First World Domain Day Conference Concludes in India

World Domain Day (WDD) was held in India for the first time last month where hundreds gathered to discuss domain names and related markets. Key topics included the announcement of soon to be available domains in a number of Indian languages. ›››

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Industry Updates

ICANN Los Angeles Recap Webinar

MarkMonitor With more than 400 new gTLD registries now delegated and over 2.6 million new gTLD registrations, a changing Internet governance landscape, and requirements for enhancing ICANN accountability resulting from the IANA transition, assessing the impact on your business is vital. more»

TLD Registry Appoints First China General Manager, Mr Jin Wang

Dot Chinese Online & Dot Chinese Website Mr. Jin Wang has joined the TLD Registry team, contributing a wealth of knowledge and expertise of the internet and domain name industries in China. more»

TLD Registry Opens China Headquarters in "China's Silicon Valley"

Dot Chinese Online & Dot Chinese Website On the afternoon of Friday 24th October, the world leader in Chinese domain names, TLD Registry opened its new China headquarters in Beijing's Zhongguancun, also known as "China's Silicon Valley". more»

.nyc Goes Public to Brand the Big Apple

Neustar On October 8th, New York City gave its residents their own web address, opening public access to .nyc. The new top-level domain is open to any business, organization or person with a physical address in the Big Apple. more»

pink.host: Breast Cancer Awareness by Bluehost

Radix October is the month for breast cancer awareness and Bluehost is running a special campaign for it on an alternate URL www.pink.host, pink being the color of solidarity for breast cancer movement. more»

3 Questions to Ask Your DNS Host About DDoS

Neustar Neustar provides UltraDNS and recently dealt with an attack on our network that was massive by industry standards, impacting our customers and even our upstream providers. more»

Introducing Our Special Edition Managed DNS Service for Top-Level Domain Operators

Dyn Exciting news today: we've officially released Dyn TLD, an authoritative secondary managed DNS service that ensures uptime and availability around the globe. more»

Afilias Director Wins ICANN's 2014 Leadership Award

Afilias Global registry services provider Afilias congratulates Jonathan Robinson, Chairman of Afilias' Board of Directors, for receiving the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) 2014 Leadership Award for his contributions to the effectiveness of ICANN's multistakeholder model. more»

Radix Announces the Addition of .tech to Its Portfolio

Radix Radix announces the addition of .tech to its portfolio of new gTLDs. It is an extension dedicated to the technology community, created and conceived for use by startups, software, hardware, hi-tech corporations and technical professionals. more»

Afilias Partners With Internet Society to Sponsor Deploy360 ION Conference Series Through 2016

Afilias IONs are part of the Internet Society's Deploy360 Programme, which aims to foster the global adoption of key Internet technology standards such as IPv6, DNSSEC, and secure routing protocols. more»

Infographic: Where in the World Do Chinese People Live?

Dot Chinese Online & Dot Chinese Website There are approximately 50 million ethnic Chinese people living outside of China's mainland, which itself is home to nearly 1.4 billion Chinese. Ethnic Chinese people comprise 3.7% of the world's population beyond China's borders. Most of these consumers read, write and speak Chinese. more»

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