Home / Blogs

A Network by Any Other Name

Bill Thompson

Last month Wired News, the online service that grew out of Wired Magazine, decided that it was going stop using an upper-case 'I' when it talked about the internet. At the same time Web became web and Net became net.

According to Tony Long, the man responsible for their style guide, the change was made because 'there is no earthly reason to capitalize any of these words'. In fact, he claims, 'there never was.'

Wired is hardly alone in deciding to do this. Few other news sites, newspapers or magazines, off or on line, use 'Internet' and 'Web' any more. The Guardian style guide announces that 'internet, net, website, web, world wide web' are 'all lc' without feeling any need to justify, explain or expand upon the policy.  And anyone who reads BBC News Online will know that it's been their policy to bring both internet and web down a peg or two for many years.

Those who argue for a lower case net make two main points. First, there is a general tendency in English language journalism (or should that be 'english language'? Not according to The Guardian, it seems) to get rid of as many capital letters as possible because they are deemed to distract the reader. Using 'internet' and 'web' simply looks better.

And second, there is the widespread view that since capital letters are used solely to distinguish proper nouns — names or titles — it is not appropriate to use one for the network that links our computers together or the publishing system that runs on top of it. Hence Wired can say there was never any reason to use Internet.

Forgive me for saying, but those who choose 'internet' over 'Internet' are as wrong as those who would visit london, meet the queen or go for a boat trip down the river thames. The fact is that the Internet is the name of a specific collection of networks, while internet is a generic term for two or more connected networks. The two are as distinct as planet Earth and the earth around your begonias, and they should be distinguished in print.

This isn't just pedantry, although I'm happy to admit to wanting to be careful in my use of language. It's also about history [ISOC, Wikipedia], about understanding where one of the key tools of our modern life came from and appreciating its true nature. Because while the Internet is certainly an internet, it is not just any old internet: it's the one that was created in January 1983 when the research network ARPANET and the Computer Science Network (CSNET) were linked together and everyone started using the TCP/IP protocol suite that we still have today.

The difference between the Internet and any other internet is therefore quite fundamental and, I would argue, worth recognising. It may be unfortunate that Vint Cerf and the other network pioneers chose to name their network after its most distinguishing technical characteristic rather than give it a proper name, but that doesn't allow us to disregard the distinction.

There are words that can be used in both ways without a capital — atmosphere, for example, is used both in a generic (some planets have atmospheres) and specific (the atmosphere exerts a pressure) sense without capitalisation. But we built the Internet, we didn't just notice it around us, and it was named with a capital letter by the people who created it.

As a journalist I know that if I talk about a Biro then I had better be referring to one of the pens made by the Biro company, and if I mention someone sitting in a Portakabin then it had better be one of Portakabin's products and not just any old temporary office. But I can hoover my floor with any brand of vacuum cleaner, because the term has lost its significance and no longer refers only to a cleaner made by Hoover.

It's the same with the Internet. If we let it lose its special status then we lose a connection with our online history, one that I want to retain. Wired News and the BBC may decide otherwise, but some of us will not forget and will not give up the fight — whatever the sub-editors do to our copy after it has been emailed over.

Or should that be e-mailed?

By Bill Thompson, Journalist, Commentator and Technology Critic. More blog posts from Bill Thompson can also be read here.

Related topics: Internet Protocol, Networks


Don't miss a thing – get the Weekly Wrap delivered to your inbox.


Re: A Network by Any Other Name Chris Linfoot  –  Sep 10, 2004 1:54 AM PDT

Or is it "Emailed"?

Just kidding.

Yes, I agree. I always use uppercase when writing about the Internet for precisely the reasons you so eloquently describe and I will continue to do so regardless of what others choose to do.

To post comments, please login or create an account.

Related Blogs

Related News

Explore Topics

Dig Deeper

DNS Security

Sponsored by Afilias

IP Addressing

Sponsored by Avenue4 LLC

Mobile Internet

Sponsored by Afilias Mobile & Web Services


Sponsored by Verisign

Promoted Posts

Buying or Selling IPv4 Addresses?

ACCELR/8 is a transformative IPv4 market solution developed by industry veterans Marc Lindsey and Janine Goodman that enables organizations buying or selling blocks as small as /20s to keep pace with the evolving demands of the market by applying processes that have delivered value for many of the largest market participants. more»

Industry Updates – Sponsored Posts

Attacks Decrease by 23 Precent in 1st Quarter While Peak Attack Sizes Increase: DDoS Trends Report

Verisign Releases Q2 2016 DDoS Trends Report - Layer 7 DDoS Attacks a Growing Trend

Dyn Partners with the Internet Systems Consortium to Host Global F-Root Nameservers

Verisign Q1 2016 DDoS Trends: Attack Activity Increases 111 Percent Year Over Year

Mobile Web Intelligence Report: Bots and Crawlers May Represent up to 50% of Web Traffic

Data Volumes and Network Stress to Be Top IoT Concerns

Verisign Mitigates More Attack Activity in Q3 2015 Than Any Other Quarter During Last Two Years

Dyn Evolves Internet Performance Space with Launch of Internet Intelligence

Verisign's Q2'15 DDoS Trends: DDoS for Bitcoin Increasingly Targets Financial Industry

Protect Your Network From BYOD Malware Threats With The Verisign DNS Firewall

Verisign iDefense 2015 Cyber-Threats and Trends

3 Questions to Ask Your DNS Host About DDoS

Afilias Partners With Internet Society to Sponsor Deploy360 ION Conference Series Through 2016

Neustar to Build Multiple Tbps DDoS Mitigation Platform

3 Questions to Ask Your DNS Host about Lowering DDoS Risks

Tips to Address New FFIEC DDoS Requirements

Is Your Organization Prepared for a Cyberattack?

24 Million Home Routers Expose ISPs to Massive DNS-Based DDoS Attacks

Why Managed DNS Means Secure DNS

How Does Dyn Deliver on Powering the Internet? By Investing in Standards Organizations Like the IETF