One challenge for all new top-level domains (TLDs) is the so-called Universal Acceptance. Universal Acceptance is a phenomenon as old as TLDs exist and may strike at many occasions e.g.:
• Using a very short email address like firstname.lastname@example.org
• Using an IDN email address like λ@ελ.ελ
• Using an email address or domain name based on a new gTLD
• Filling out an online form or using a software application either using email addresses or domain names as described before
• Other events
The effect when universal acceptance hits you is that you cannot send or receive email, get error messages or even worse when it looks like everything works but it does not, and you do not even get a notification.
All new gTLD registry operators but not limited to them are facing this problem and registrants are the people that are hurt by this problem.
The software and hardware which does not take into effect that since 2014 more than thousand new gTLDs have been added as valid TLDs. As this software and hardware will still be used for many years, the problems may not be fixed completely anytime soon. ICANN has identified this problem and is working with the Internet community, especially the technical community, to palliate the problem.
Reloaded – The medal has two sides
Throughout the last three years, Universal Acceptance has merely been seen as a technical problem. But as Registry Operator for .berlin, we are not only running all the technical stuff, we also market domain names to Berliners. By this, we have experienced that Universal Acceptance has two sides like a medal. There is not only the obvious technical side that contributes to Universal Acceptance but also the people's side of the medal which seem to us equally important. We brought this to a simple formula which we would like to propose:
Universal Acceptance &nsash; Technical Acceptance + People's Acceptance
Please see our definitions below for which we adopted the existing wording done by ICANN with some new definitions we would like to suggest.
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The technology side of Universal Acceptance
Technical Acceptance – is the concept that all domain names should be treated equally by technical systems. Domain names and email addresses should be accepted, stored, processed and displayed in a consistent and effective manner.
Linkification – is the action when a software application uses algorithms and rules to determine whether a string should create a hyperlink to a valid Internet location (URL) or an email address (mailto:) and executes the linkification.
The people's/consumer's side of Universal Acceptance
Universal Awareness – is when those people who are domain name owners or want to become domain name owners are aware of the large choice and benefits of the new top-level domains that complement the legacy TLDs.
Universal Recognition – is when people, especially Internet users, identify a combination of two or more labels separated by dots as a potential domain name and type it into a browser or search bar or forward that information.
The full picture of Universal Acceptance
Universal Acceptance – is the state when both, technology and people, identify a label.label combination as a potential or real Internet address (= domain name) and perform appropriate action on it.
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In order to overcome the Universal Acceptance issues, we would like to make the following suggestion:
With enormous existing funds of over US$ 230 million from the new gTLD auction proceeds, ICANN could spend a serious amount for a worldwide campaign towards all stakeholders relevant to Universal Acceptance. Stakeholders may range from the large Internet companies to software developers, IT people, advertisers and the general public.
|Data Center||Policy & Regulation|
|DNS Security||Regional Registries|
|Domain Names||Registry Services|
|Intellectual Property||Top-Level Domains|
|Internet of Things||Web|
|Internet Protocol||White Space|
With a mission to make its top-level domains available to the broadest market possible, Boston Ivy has permanently reduced its registration, renewal and transfer prices for .Broker, .Forex, .Markets and .Trading. more»
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