Home / Industry

Facets of gTLD Registry Technical Operations - Registry Services

At Cloud Registry, we believe in empowering our partners by providing them with intuitive tools, industry knowledge, and insights into the business. It is part of our Flexibility-Visibility-Control value proposition. That's why we make it a point that information sharing and education are a large part of our consultation with clients. Encouraged by the positive feedback we have received from clients — seasoned industry players and newcomers to the industry alike — we would like to share our experience with the wider ICANN community with a series of blog posts starting with the following.

Registry Services

In this instalment, we will explore the core functions of a registry. Being the registry operator for a TLD means offering services in conjunction with the TLD. While the registry can offer a variety of services, ICANN provides guidance on what constitute registry services:

  1. those services that are both:
    1. operations of the registry critical to the following tasks: the receipt of data from registrars concerning registrations of domain names and name servers; provision to registrars of status information relating to the zone servers for the TLD; dissemination of TLD zone files; operation of the registry zone servers; and dissemination of contact and other information concerning domain name server registrations in the TLD as required by the Registry Agreement; and
    2. provided by the Registry Operator as of the Effective Date of the Registry Agreement, as the case may be;
  2. other products or services that the Registry Operator is required to provide because of the establishment of a Consensus Policy (as defined above);
  3. any other products or services that only a registry operator is capable of providing, by reason of its designation as the registry operator;
  4. and material changes to any Registry Service within the scope of (A), (B) or (C) above. (Definition comes from .NET Agreement, as specified by the ICANN Board on 8 November 2005, http://www.icann.org/minutes/resolutions-08nov05.htm).

The guidebook cites some customary services:

  1. Receipt of data from registrars concerning registration of domain names and name servers.
  2. Dissemination of TLD zone files.
  3. Dissemination of contact or other information concerning domain name registrations (Whois service).
  4. Internationalized Domain Names, where offered.
  5. DNS Security Extensions (DNSSEC).

which roughly translates to EPP, DNS, Whois, IDN and DNSSEC — the core well-known services.

Mapping it out

It helps to think about the registry in two parts: provisioning and publication.

ProvisioningPublication
Customary Service Categories1, 4, 52, 3
ServicesEPP
Policies
IDN rules
DNSSEC signing
DNS
Whois
Zone File Access
Bulk Registration Data Access


Or, thinking in terms of an Input/output paradigm, the "Provisioning" subsystem, as we call it at Cloud Registry, encompasses the "input" and "processing" part of the equation; the "Publication" subsystem correponds to the "output" of a registry.

Why Should Applicants Care?

While all TLDs essentially perform the same core functions of accepting registrations and publishing info onto the DNS and Whois, etc., this is one of the main areas in which a gTLD applicant can distinguish itself from the competition.

Registry services are mostly covered by Question 23 of the Applicant Guidebook. Being a non-scoring question, applicants may defer to their technical operator to provide a boilerplate response. While likely to be safe, this will lead to a very unimaginative registry.

At the other end of the spectrum, applicants should be mindful of the Registry Services Review and not trigger an extended evaluation by RSTEP, which will incur additional costs and delay to the application approval process.

What about Critical Registry Functions?

Some have expressed confusion between registry services and the "five critical functions of a registry" stated in the guidebook: DNS, SRS, Whois, data escrow, DNSSEC. It's important to note that critical registry functions is a tangential topic that is mostly related to continuity and registrant protection in the event of a potential continuity threat.

Examples of Other Registry Services

Following are some examples of registry services beyond the basics:

  • name reservation and correponding release / allocation plan
  • registry lock service
  • grace periods
  • registrant verification or nexus requirements
  • enhanced rights protection mechanisms
  • any non-standard form of access to registry data offered to other parties such as law enforcements

The registry services offered by a TLD is a defining attribute, and should be one of the key strategies for any would-be applicant.

About Cloud Registry

Cloud Registry

Cloud Registry Pty. Ltd. is an innovative technical back-end registry services provider for gTLDs and ccTLDs. Its core product, Cloud Registry Management Platform, is a suite of sophisticated and streamlined tools for efficiently managing ccTLD and gTLD registries. Designed and engineered from the ground up to be pluggable, secure and fault-tolerant, it offers a complete technical solution with many innovative features that surpass traditional registry systems. Learn More

Related topics: Cloud Computing, DNS, Domain Names, Registry Services, Top-Level Domains

 
   
WEEKLY WRAP — Get CircleID's Weekly Summary Report by Email:

Related Blogs

.brand Progress - The Mid-Year Analysis

What is Google Up To?

Who Really Cares About New gTLDs?

A Year Later: Insights from dotSucks

No Time Bar for Cybersquatting Claims Under UDRP

Related News

Explore Topics

Industry Updates – Sponsored Posts

Ready or Not, 5 Big Tech Trends Headed Your Way

.STORE Grosses Over $1 Million Before the Close of Day 1

News.Markets: A Rising Star in the World of Financial Trading and New TLDs

Dyn Partners with the Internet Systems Consortium to Host Global F-Root Nameservers

Verisign Announces .コム Domain Names Are Now Available for Anyone to Register

NBA & NFL Teams Drive .store Sunrise Score to 647

Financial Industry Quick to Embrace New Top Level Domains

New TLD .STORE Crosses 500+ Sunrise Applications

Meet Boston Ivy, Home to Some of the Most Specialized TLDs in the Financial Services Sector

Move Beyond Defensive Domain Name Registrations, Towards Strategic Thinking

Is Your TLD Threat Mitigation Strategy up to Scratch?

Verisign Launches New gTLDs for the Korean Market, .닷컴 and .닷넷

Verisign Opens Landrush Program Period for .コム Domain Names

Domain Management Handbook from MarkMonitor

i2Coalition to Host First Ever Smarter Internet Forum

Afilias Announces Relaunch of .GREEN TLD

New .PROMO Domain Sunrise Period Begins Today

US Court Grants DCA Trust's Motion for Preliminary Injunction on .Africa gTLD

Minds + Machines Group Announces Outsourcing Agreements, Web Address Change

.STORE Opens its Doors to Brands

Sponsored Topics

Verisign

Security

Sponsored by
Verisign
Afilias - Mobile & Web Services

Mobile

Sponsored by
Afilias - Mobile & Web Services
Afilias

DNS Security

Sponsored by
Afilias
Port25

Email

Sponsored by
Port25